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Temperature controlled transportation – History

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Temperature controlled transportation – History

16.01.2019 | By web3d_coldtruck

Temperature controlled transportation sounds like a very modern term, but the truth is, its sources go way back to very early ages. Many peoples in the ancient world used to collect ice blocks (where available), stuff it into special caves, holes in the ground, or unique “ice houses”, where it was used to maintain products in order to expand their usage time.

In certain area’s some people’s would trade with ice and move ice from one place to another based on demand. One of the most known cases of trade and transport of ice for preservation purposes was the transportation of huge blocks of ice from the Alps to the ancient Rome, where it was used to produce ice cream and to chill drinks and fruits for the emperor and his entourage.

Towards the end of the 19th century, initial attempts were made to conduct actual temperature controlled transportation, meaning, the production and use of a dedicated vehicle which was meant to maintain low temperature within its vessels in order to preserve goods for other destinations. The first vehicles used ice blocks to cool the goods, but as the first commercial and industrial refrigerators evolved at the beginning of the 20th century, trucks with dedicated active temperature controlled facilities were already produced.

In our days, temperature controlled transportation is an essential part of our lives, especially in the developed world, but it is starting to be available and recognized as a primary health and sustainability measure in developing countries as well, especially considering the growth of the middle class worldwide, and the increasing need to transport products and basic foods from its sources to the major consumption areas (e.g. larger cities and population concentrations).

Factories which produce dairy products, meat and fish products, frozen foods and the likes, must market their goods to great distances at times where the demand is greater than the one at the production site.

Some of the produce finds its markets overseas, which requires an even more established and sophisticated, reliable and efficient temperature controlled cold chain availability. These facilities include trucks, containers, vessels and rail connectivity, all with the adequately adapted temperature controlled facilitation. Combined with the regulatory input from the food, health and drug administrations in the different countries (usually aligned on worldwide standards), the clients in Europe will be able to consume meat that originates from Argentina, and Saudi customers can consume Newfoundland originated lobsters.

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